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Tuesday, May 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of Local labor markets and welfare spells found in the catalog.

Local labor markets and welfare spells

Hilary Williamson Hoynes

Local labor markets and welfare spells

do demand conditions matter?

by Hilary Williamson Hoynes

  • 143 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Labor market -- United States -- Econometric models.,
  • Welfare recipients -- Employment -- United States -- Econometric models.,
  • Aid to families with dependent children programs -- Econometric models.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementHilary Williamson Hoynes.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- working paper 5643, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 5643.
    ContributionsNational Bureau of Economic Research.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHB1 .W654 no. 5643
    The Physical Object
    Pagination35, [16] p. :
    Number of Pages35
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22412466M

    accepted that welfare reform must be discussed in the context of labour market incentives and institutions. He contrasts the labour market/welfare systems of the U.S. (characterised by flexible wages, low minimum wages, short periods of welfare entitlement, low replacement rates and income. The chapter compares labor force participation patterns and the welfare system of the United States with several other countries. All of these countries share common challenges and concerns regarding population aging and labor market policies, but their responses to these exigencies are very : Angela M. O'Rand, John C. Henretta.

    Labour Market: A labour market is the place where workers and employees interact with each other. In the labour market, employers compete to hire the best, and the workers compete for the best satisfying job. Description: A labour market in an economy functions with demand and supply of labour. In this market, labour demand is the firm's. Online Labor Markets of online labor markets do the same thing, though their scope is wider and more comprehensive. They also provide infrastructure like payment and record-keeping systems, communications infrastructures and search technology— functions typically provided by a government or by parties themselves.

    CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e.g. ) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e.g. – 14), divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e.g. – 14). State welfare expenditure has both a direct and indirect impact upon the labour market and on economic efficiency in general. The definition of what is, or is not, ‘welfare’ expenditure is broad and shifting. It may, for example, include subsidies to public transport or the costs arising from legal controls on wages and work conditions, as well as the costs of social services and other Author: Pat Thane.


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Local labor markets and welfare spells by Hilary Williamson Hoynes Download PDF EPUB FB2

The empirical work is based on estimates of a duration model where the hazard rate is a function of demographic characteristics, local labor market variables, neighborhood characteristics, county fixed effects and time effects Several alternative measures of local labor market conditions are used and the results show that higher unemployment rates, lower employment growth, lower employment to population ratios, and lower wage growth are associated with longer welfare by: dence (which is used to assign local labor markets).

Models of exit from welfare and reentry to welfare are estimated using discrete duration models that control for demographic characteristics,durationeffects,locallabormarketvariables, and neighborhood characteristics.

We consider several mea-sures of labor markets including unemployment, employ. The results show that higher unemployment rates, lower employment growth, lower employment-to-population ratios, and lower wage growth are associated with longer welfare spells and higher recidivism rates.

Hispanics, blacks, and two-parent families are the groups that are most sensitive to changes in local labor market by: Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter.

() Cached. Download Links @MISC{Hoynes96locallabor, author = {Hilary Williamson Hoynes}, title = { Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells welfare spell demand condition matter local labor market. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper examines the impact of changes in labor market conditions on participation in the Aid to Families Local labor markets and welfare spells book Dependent Children (AFDC) program in California.

Transitions off welfare and transitions back onto welfare are estimated using discrete duration models that control for local labor market conditions, demographic and neighborhood characteristics. Download Citation | Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter. | This paper examines the impact of changes in labor market conditions on participation in the Aid to Author: Hilary Williamson Hoynes.

Local Labor Markets And Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter. Article in Review of Economics and Statistics 82(3) February with 12 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Hilary Williamson Hoynes. Analyzing the Length of Welfare Spells.” (). Econometric Duration Analysis.” ().

Economic Determinants of Geographic and Individual Variation in the Labor Market Position of Young Persons.” (). Employment, Unemployment, and Demand Shifts in Local Labor Markets.”Author: H.

Hoynes. Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter. The study uses a unique data set based on administrative data which has detailed information on welfare spells for overAFDC cases. The empirical work is based on estimates of a duration model where the hazard rate is a function of demographic characteristics Author: Hilary Williamson Hoynes.

Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): (external link) http Author: Hilary Williamson Hoynes. Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter.

INTRODUCTION There is currently a great deal of interest among policy makers and the general public in reforming the welfare system. While there are divergent views as to how the programs should be.

Get this from a library. Local labor markets and welfare spells: do demand conditions matter?. [Hilary Williamson Hoynes; National Bureau of Economic Research.].

The empirical work is based on estimates of a duration model where the hazard rate is a function of demographic characteristics, local labor market variables, neighborhood characteristics, county fixed effects and time effects Several alternative measures of local labor market conditions are used and the results show that higher unemployment rates, lower employment growth, lower employment to population ratios, and lower wage growth are associated with longer welfare spells.

A significant barrier to doing research on the impact of local labor markets is the data requirements. First, one needs longitudinal data in order to track welfare spells, Second, one needs information on geographic location to assign local labor market variables.

Lastly, one needs sufficient sample sizes toCited by: The results show that higher unemployment rates, lower employment growth, lower employment-to-population ratios, and lower wage growth are associated with longer welfare spells and higher recidivism rates.

Hispanics, blacks, and two-parent families are the groups that are most sensitive to changes in local labor market conditions. Download File. Work, Poverty and Welfare Reform: Welfare-to-work Programmes for Lone Parents in Depressed Local Labour Markets [J.J.

Casebourne] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : J.J. Casebourne. Several alternative measures of local labor market conditions are used; the results show that higher unemployment rates, lower employment growth, lower employment-to-population ratios, and lower wage growth are associated with longer welfare spells.

Whilst welfare could be a reason why people turn away from the labour market, the problem only exists when work disappears. An alternative view is that informal labour market connections matter for job search and in high unemployment areas the role of networks in.

functioning of the labor market and the productivity of firms. The history of formal labor market institutions originates in the second half of the 19th century with the industrialization of Western Europe and North America.

During the s and the first three decades after World War II, a ―modern‖ institutional framework was completed inFile Size: KB. Local labor markets and welfare spells: do demand conditions matter. Discussion Paper No.

Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Google ScholarAuthor: Shawn M Welch. Finally, variables such as schooling, region of residence (which may reflect local labour markets) and the status of immigrant may affect the duration of spells on welfare and will be introduced in some specifications of the model.

In estimating Eq. we use a non parametric baseline by: competing demands. For this reason, Perspectives on labour economics for development is both timely and highly relevant to the needs of governments and other partners around the world.

The volume has been put together by a group of leading ILO and non-ILO experts seeking to provide non-technical, but up-to-date and robust, insights into keyFile Size: 1MB.closings, structural changes in labour markets and the functioning of the welfare state. Recent publications cover problems with retire-ment and analyses of the different generations in the Finnish labour market.

He is now a visiting researcher in Italy. Leena Viinamäki has a in social policy, and is a researcherFile Size: KB.